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Four Thousand Years Of History In Brief. Santorini's Rich Past

Geological Formation: Santorini, also known as Thera, is a volcanic island located in the southern Aegean Sea. The island's current shape is the result of a series of volcanic eruptions over thousands of years.

Minoan Civilization: Santorini was once part of the Minoan civilization, and the thriving Bronze Age city of Akrotiri flourished on the island around 3600 years ago. This advanced civilization left behind well-preserved frescoes and artifacts.

Volcanic Eruption (c. 1600 BCE): One of the most significant events in Santorini's history was a catastrophic volcanic eruption around 1600 BCE. This eruption led to the collapse of the central part of the island, forming the caldera we see today. The event is often associated with the mythical Atlantis.

Subsequent Inhabitation: After the eruption, the island was uninhabited for some time. Later, various civilizations, including the Phoenicians, Dorians, and Romans, settled on Santorini.

Byzantine and Venetian Periods: During the Byzantine era, Santorini experienced growth and the establishment of Christianity. The island came under Venetian rule in the 13th century and later became part of the Ottoman Empire.

Ottoman Rule: Santorini remained under Ottoman rule for several centuries. The local population engaged in maritime activities and wine production during this time.

Greek Independence (1821): Santorini, along with the rest of Greece, gained independence from Ottoman rule in the early 19th century as part of the Greek War of Independence.

20th Century and Tourism Boom: In the 20th century, Santorini faced economic challenges, leading to significant emigration. However, in the latter half of the century, tourism emerged as a key industry. The island's unique landscape, archaeological sites, and vibrant culture attracted visitors from around the world.

Modern Santorini: Today, Santorini is a renowned tourist destination, celebrated for its stunning sunsets, distinctive architecture, and archaeological treasures. The island's history is embedded in its landscapes, ancient ruins, and the warmth of its people.

This overview provides a glimpse into Santorini's fascinating history, which spans millennia and encompasses geological phenomena, ancient civilizations, and cultural transitions.

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